Every year, many individuals look ahead to ringing within the new yr with household and pals. Nevertheless, some celebrations embrace the mix of alcohol and late-night driving – which may result in deadly accidents.

In keeping with Moms In opposition to Drunk Driving (MADD), between 2008 and 2012, January 1st had the very best share of alcohol-related car deaths when in comparison with different days and holidays.

James Chenoweth
James Chenoweth, director of toxicology analysis and affiliate professor of Emergency Drugs

To boost consciousness on the hazards of driving whereas impaired by alcohol or medicine, the U.S. Division of Transportation’s Nationwide Freeway Site visitors Security Administration (NHTSA) launched the findings of a new examine on drug and alcohol use by highway customers concerned in severe and deadly crashes.

The examine takes a more in-depth take a look at the position of alcohol and drug use in severe and deadly crashes. Seven Degree 1 trauma facilities throughout the nation participated within the examine, together with UC Davis Medical Heart. Every trauma heart examined blood outcomes from massive numbers of drivers, bicyclists and pedestrians concerned in severe and deadly crashes. The samples had been evaluated for alcohol and medicines, together with authorized, prescription and unlawful medicine.

“Too usually we see the adverse results medicine and alcohol have on roadway security,” mentioned James Chenoweth, director of toxicology analysis and affiliate professor of Emergency Drugs, who was a co-investigator for the examine. “We’re proud to have participated within the NHTSA’s examine as a result of it highlights UC Davis’s dedication to public security analysis and the position substance use performs in motorcar accidents.”

The examine discovered:

  • 56% of severely or fatally injured highway customers examined optimistic for alcohol, or some sort of drug recognized to have probably impairing results.
  • The presence of cannabinoids, such because the substances present in marijuana (25%), and alcohol (23%) had been most prevalent, adopted by stimulants (11%) and opioids (9%).
  • The presence of two or extra medicine was reported in 18% of instances with severe accidents and 32% of the fatalities.

“The examine exhibits a better drug and alcohol prevalence in crashes the place a driver is killed,” defined Chenoweth. “To forestall pointless tragedies, we urge everybody to plan forward, particularly when celebrating the vacations. Keep away from crashes by all the time driving sober, designating a sober driver, utilizing public transportation or calling a taxi or ride-hailing service to make it possible for everybody will get house safely.”


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