In a simulated sensible evaluation, the unbiased assessor observes the apprentice finishing a sequence of duties set by the EPAO. The EPAO decides the place it takes place. The check atmosphere will use tools software program or each that simulates the apprentice’s pure working atmosphere.
The sensible duties and responses to questions have to be assessed holistically by the unbiased assessor when they’re deciding the grade for the sensible evaluation.
This EPA technique is getting used as a result of this can be a sensible occupation requiring the demonstration of data, expertise and behaviours. Utilizing tools, software program or each that may be sure that safety-critical facets might be examined in a fashion that’s repeatable and constant. The breadth of data, expertise and behaviours are unlikely to happen in a selected real-life situation and this technique ensures consistency for candidates working throughout a spread of eventualities. This can be a cost-effective technique of testing, making certain the supply of kit at a selected time. Duties can be noticed dwell by the unbiased assessor. This can guarantee validity.
The simulated sensible evaluation with questions have to be structured to present the apprentice the chance to show the KSBs mapped to this EPA technique to the very best accessible grade.
The unbiased assessor should solely observe one apprentice to make sure high quality and rigour, and so they have to be as unobtrusive as attainable.
The EPAO should give an apprentice 6 weeks discover of the sensible evaluation.
The simulated sensible evaluation with questions should take 3 hours.
The unbiased assessor can improve the time of the simulated sensible evaluation with questions by as much as 10%. This time is to permit the apprentice to finish a process or reply to a query if vital. The sensible evaluation and questioning should permit the apprentice the chance to show the KSBs on the highest attainable grade.
The simulated sensible evaluation with questions might happen in components however have to be accomplished inside 1 working day(s). A working day is often thought-about to be 7.5 hours lengthy. The rationale for this break up is it’ll permit for the deliberate, unplanned and emergency eventualities to be assessed as discrete occasions. this can permit the unbiased assessor to determine applicable ksbs as the premise for questioning.
EPAOs should handle invigilation of apprentices always to take care of safety of the EPA, in keeping with their malpractice coverage. This contains breaks and shifting between places.
The unbiased assessor should clarify to the apprentice the format and timescales of the simulated sensible evaluation with questions earlier than it begins. This doesn’t rely in the direction of the evaluation time.
The unbiased assessor ought to observe the next throughout the sensible evaluation. These actions present the apprentice with the chance to show the KSBs as proven within the mapping:
1. deliberate situation
a deliberate occasion, together with however not restricted to:
- massive scale occasion that may affect on the practice service
- engineering works
2. unplanned situation
an unplanned occasion, together with however not restricted to:
- managing faults and failures throughout the infrastructure
- faults and failures throughout the practice service
- incursions throughout the railway
- minor route incursion (e.g. private gadgets dropped onto observe)
3. emergency scenario situation
an emergency scenario, together with however not restricted to:
- main route incursion (e.g. trespassers on the observe)
- managing a practice continuing with out authority
- harmful items incident
- divided practice
- returning to operating regular timetable
These actions present the apprentice with the chance to show the KSBs as proven within the mapping.
Questions have to be requested to allow the apprentice to show competency towards all focused KSBs, that haven’t been assessed throughout the sensible evaluation. The unbiased assessor will ask a minimal of three open questions throughout every of the deliberate, unplanned and emergency eventualities, totalling a minimal of 9 questions. The unbiased assessor ought to use questions from a query financial institution generated by the EPAO and so they can tailor these questions based mostly on what they observe so as to assess underpinning KSBs.
Questioning have to be accomplished throughout the whole time allowed for the sensible evaluation. There could also be breaks throughout the sensible demonstration to permit the apprentice to maneuver from one location to a different and for meal breaks. Any breaks that happen don’t rely in the direction of the evaluation time. KSBs noticed and solutions to questions have to be documented by the unbiased assessor.
Questioning can happen each throughout and after the sensible evaluation and the time for questioning is included within the general evaluation time. To stay as unobtrusive as attainable, unbiased assessors ought to ask questions throughout pure stops between duties and after completion of labor fairly than disrupting the apprentice’s circulation. Comply with-up questions are allowed.
The unbiased assessor can ask inquiries to make clear solutions given by the apprentice. These questions are along with the set variety of questions for the simulated sensible evaluation with questions and must be stored to a minimal.
The unbiased assessor conducts and assesses the simulated sensible evaluation with questions. They need to file the KSBs noticed, KSBs demonstrated in solutions to questions and the grade achieved. The apprentice’s solutions to questions should even be recorded.
The unbiased assessor makes all grading selections.
The simulated sensible evaluation with questions will happen in a simulated atmosphere chosen by the EPAO (for instance the EPAO’s or employer’s premises). The simulated atmosphere should relate to the apprentice’s pure work atmosphere. Gear and assets wanted for the simulated sensible evaluation with questions have to be offered by the EPAO, who can liaise with the employer to supply these.
Questioning that happens after the simulated sensible evaluation with questions ought to happen in a quiet room, free from distractions and affect.
Further venue necessities that have to be in place embody:
sensible assessments have to be carried out in one of many following places:
- the epao or employer’s premises
- an appropriate venue chosen by the epao (e.g. a coaching suppliers premises or one other employers premises)
previous to the sensible evaluation going down the employer will present the mandatory tools and assets.
Query and useful resource improvement
EPAOs should write an evaluation specification and query financial institution. The specification have to be related to the occupation and show the right way to assess the KSBs proven within the mapping. It is suggested that is performed in session with employers of this occupation. EPAOs ought to keep the safety and confidentiality of EPA supplies when consulting employers. The questions have to be unpredictable. A query financial institution of adequate dimension will help this. The evaluation specification and questions have to be reviewed no less than yearly to make sure they continue to be fit-for-purpose.
EPAOs should develop purpose-built query banks and be sure that applicable high quality assurance procedures are in place. For instance, contemplating . EPAOs should be sure that questions are refined and developed to a excessive commonplace.
EPAOs should be sure that apprentices have a special set of questions within the case of re-sits or re-takes.
EPAOs should produce the next supplies to help the simulated sensible evaluation with questions:
- unbiased assessor evaluation supplies which embody:
- coaching supplies
- administration supplies
- moderation and standardisation supplies
- steerage supplies
- grading steerage
- query financial institution
- EPA steerage for the apprentice and employer