Reference Quantity: ST0645

Particulars of normal

Typical Job Titles

Passenger practice driver, Depot driver, Freight practice driver and On-track machine driver

Occupational Profile

Practice Drivers are liable for driving trains in a secure, punctual, financial method over numerous routes in accordance with rail guidelines, rules and procedures. A Practice Driver may work in numerous rail environments, akin to excessive velocity, passenger, freight, underground, metro, suburban, cross border, depots, sidings or upkeep sheds; transferring passengers, items, empty teaching inventory or driving on-track machines to carry out infrastructure upkeep work.

Practice Drivers will be required to work for lengthy intervals of time on their very own, they need to have the ability to keep a excessive stage of focus and have the ability to make on the spot advanced selections shortly throughout regular and degraded situations e.g. extreme climate situations, infrastructure failures and emergency working. They have to have the ability to talk clearly and precisely with stakeholders and could also be required to oversee others to allow compliance with rules by way of secure and efficient rail operation. A driver has general duties for passengers, employees and items on the practice. Duties could embrace speaking with: the signaller, crossing attendant, operations management, different rail trade personnel or the British Transport and the civilian police.

A Practice Driver will work shifts that embrace weekends, evenings and nights. On freight or engineering trains, practice drivers often are usually rostered extra night time shifts. On long-distance routes, there could also be a necessity for in a single day stays.

Foremost duties usually embrace:

  • Accountability for making certain the practice is match to enter into service
  • Driving the practice safely and to time always
  • Being totally updated with the route options and find out how to react to altering situations
  • Guaranteeing the proper protocol is adopted constantly all through the length of the journey
  • Coping with buyer enquiries promptly, politely and within the right method

Practice Drivers will need to have all the next information, abilities and behaviours.

  Data and understanding Expertise
Security An excellent understanding of related well being and security laws, statutory working rules inside personal position and organisation and find out how to monitor it. E.g. trade procedures and security necessities and directions. Repeatedly monitor space of accountability to make sure compliance with rail laws and organisational procedures. General accountability of passengers, employees and items to allow compliance with rules by way of secure and efficient rail operation. Constructively problem unsafe follow in any respect ranges and report by way of the required channels.
Safety Necessities and course of for making certain rail security and safety on the road, trains and at stations and depots. E.g. evacuation factors. Consistently keep a safe surroundings and reply to safety points and take acceptable motion within the occasion of a breach of safety and evaluate how efficient the strategies and actions have been e.g. secure techniques of labor, closing gates and doorways when getting into secured premises, securing cab doorways when leaving trains on most important traces and stations.
Compliance and Laws Data of laws, in-depth understanding and competency within the guidelines relevant to rail operation, security and licensing and certification of practice drivers. Monitor compliance with laws, procedures and rules in a rail surroundings inside personal space of accountability. Repeatedly maintain updated with all related practice laws and retaining huge quantities of data.
Communication Data and understanding of procedures and strategies, to make sure the switch of data to totally different stakeholders e.g. utilizing report kinds, phonetic alphabet, codes and numbering. Clearly and precisely perform verbal communications, nose to nose and by utilizing written strategies and procedures e.g. utilizing the PA system or practice radio.
Management Understanding of the significance of constructing correct, well timed selections and know find out how to lead and handle operational incidents and emergencies throughout degraded and emergency working. Understanding of their position throughout the incident response groups and emergency companies. Comply with procedures to steer and handle incidents and emergencies till incident response groups arrive onsite e.g. general accountability for safeguarding passengers, different employees the practice when deciding which line/s are blocked and making a choice as to which line/s to guard first.
Inter-personal abilities

A sound consciousness of the precise skilled and private calls for, akin to working alone, with others, shift work over a 24-hour cycle, particular person safety and safety, studying and updating paperwork.

Considers and responds appropriately to the wants and security of themselves and others e.g. wears acceptable private protecting tools, makes use of authorised strolling routes, informs all related events of hazards when these are noticed.

Helps different colleagues in demanding work conditions e.g. be cooperative and provides steerage to colleagues and managers and talk successfully.


An in-depth working information of the trains to be pushed e.g. bringing a practice into service, shunting operations, working, stopping and taking a practice out of service.

An in-depth understanding of find out how to mobilise and immobilise, determine faults or errors and any remedial motion to be taken.

Make on the spot advanced autonomous selections throughout regular, degraded and emergency working.

Verify and monitor rail techniques successfully, diagnosing and resolving issues upon identification of faults or errors in a well timed method to minimise danger and a delay to companies. Stay alert always and have the flexibility to understand any hazards, which can happen throughout the journey.

Find and put together trains for service, marshal and shunt trains, drive trains on most important traces, depots and sidings, cope with operational incidents, emergencies and berth trains.

Practice Dispatch An intensive information of the procedures related to practice dispatch. Dispatch trains beneath totally different circumstances e.g. Driver solely operated companies and guard operated companies from staffed and unstaffed stations.
Route Studying An intensive information of the rules of route studying. Potential to study and memorise routes options inside required timescales e.g. signalling varieties, precept junctions, tunnels, names of operating traces and line-speeds.
Degraded conditions Recognising when to report a practice fault or failure, infrastructure hazard or faulty tools on observe or at a station. Totally perceive the actions, duties and reporting procedures essential to minimise the influence to companies. Make autonomous selections and work by way of altered strategies of working when in operation, talk particulars of the hazard/faulty tools to essential stakeholders utilizing acceptable strategies. Make sure the secure operation of the practice in degraded conditions and perform any essential safety preparations based on the scenario.
Harmful Items An excellent understanding of harmful items related to a spread of rail operations and find out how to convey and cope with them successfully in an emergency. Successfully handle harmful items in personal space of competency, report and shield different traces in a harmful items emergency.
Particular Situations of Carriage Good information and understanding of the particular situations of carriage related to your position. In a position to determine and adjust to related particular situations of carriage e.g. velocity restrictions, heavy axle weight, harmful items, tunnels and bridges.
Industrial Consciousness Consciousness of how the rail trade works, akin to; franchising preparations, railway organisations, rail particular terminology, enterprise targets, private influence throughout the firm. Handle the velocity, braking and driving of trains to optimise gas economic system, cut back upkeep prices and minimise monetary penalties for late or mistaken time arrivals or departures and fail to name at scheduled stops.
Skilled Improvement An excellent understanding {of professional} growth planning and duties for sustaining private competency. Determine and handle particular person growth wants, keep and develop abilities, information and behaviours, in compliance with the competency administration system.
Well being and Wellbeing

Understanding of the chance of sick well being and the influence of wellbeing on the protection of a person, others at work and the general public.

Understanding methods for fatigue administration e.g. sleep high quality and surroundings, wholesome way of life, food plan, time and stress administration.

Handle personal health and way of life to allow work to be carried out competently with the intention to cut back the chance to well being and security to self and all stakeholders.


An excellent understanding of data regarding firm services.

Understanding find out how to recognise each firm inner and exterior prospects, specializing in the style during which the message is delivered.

Cope with buyer enquiries promptly and politely and within the right method.

Redirect buyer complaints and/or enquiries utilizing the proper wording and tone to the suitable personnel when unable to personally cope with them.


  • Act professionally, demonstrating dependability, willpower, honesty and integrity
  • Show a self-disciplined, self-motivated, proactive method to work and your personal well being and wellbeing
  • Be danger conscious, mitigate dangers by checking info, concentrating on the duty, sustaining an consciousness of fixing circumstances and remaining calm beneath strain
  • Prepared to study new abilities and to regulate to vary
  • Be approachable, respect others, act ethically and contribute to sustainable growth
  • All the time seeks to help enterprise targets and keep an consciousness of financial challenges

Entry necessities

Particular person employers should meet minimal necessities set by the Practice Driving Licences and Certificates Rules 2010; as a result of nature of the position candidates should meet medical requirements of bodily well being these are set out throughout the above rules. To enter into an apprenticeship scheme the minimal age of a practice driver is eighteen years.


This apprenticeship would require rigorous and substantial coaching, usually of round 12-18 months, relying on expertise at entry.


Apprentices with out Degree 2 English, maths and ICT might want to obtain this stage previous to taking the end-point evaluation.

For these with an schooling, well being and care plan or a legacy assertion the apprenticeships English and maths minimal requirement is Entry Degree 3 and British Signal Language qualification are a substitute for English {qualifications} for whom that is their major language. 

Hyperlink to Skilled Registration

The Establishment of Railway Operators and the Chartered Institute of Logistics and Transport helps the event of this apprenticeship customary. Profitable completion of the apprenticeship programme permits them to progress to the Affiliate or Affiliate stage {of professional} registration.


This can be a stage 3 apprenticeship


Development from this apprenticeship is predicted to result in numerous totally different roles these embrace; Practice Driver Teacher, progressing to Practice Driver Supervisor, Depot Driver Crew Chief, progressing to Depot Supply Co-Ordinator.

Assessment date

This Normal might be reviewed in 3 years

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