Reference Quantity: ST0378

Particulars of normal

Occupational Profile

A blacksmith is somebody who makes use of their craft, artwork or talent to design, form and be a part of metallic elements by scorching forging and different metallic working processes for small batch or bespoke manufacturing and/or heritage metalwork conservation.  The job might contain the manufacturing of huge or small-scale work starting from architectural ironwork corresponding to public artwork sculptures, gates and railings, to home ornamental and practical objects corresponding to furnishings, hearth instruments, and mirror frames.  Additionally produced are instruments for themselves and different crafts corresponding to tongs for the forge, wooden turning instruments for the native carpenter in addition to industrial instruments corresponding to spanners or cast elements for supply to a manufacturing facility as a part of a manufacturing line.  

They are going to be utilizing cast metals (primarily ferrous) usually mixed with different combined media typically working in collaboration with different crafts individuals.  Blacksmiths mostly work to fee when making bigger workpieces however will usually make smaller scale merchandise for direct retail or provide wholesale to outlets and galleries.  The bigger work will usually contain the necessity for website set up.  Many blacksmiths match their very own work on website corresponding to gates and railings, which frequently includes working with different craftspeople and professionals.  Web site work can contain working in areas corresponding to delicate historic websites (when enterprise conservation for heritage organisations or personal shoppers), giant company developments (when becoming a public artwork piece) or a personal dwelling (when becoming a entrance gate).  Blacksmiths need to work inside laws and regulation, managing points corresponding to well being and security, environmental issues, constructing building  and itemizing necessities.

Blacksmith abilities cowl a broad vary and so they might select to focus on one specific side corresponding to creative, architectural, heritage or industrial.  As such, they are going to be anticipated to pay attention to the context and related areas of their craft corresponding to historic aesthetic and technical adjustments, in addition to present strategies, design actions, makers and technical advances.  Most blacksmithing companies function within the crafts sector reasonably than in giant scale manufacturing and can include no a couple of or two individuals together with the employer.  Blacksmiths will usually be anticipated to work as a member of a close-knit crew, often instantly with their employer and different workers.  After a interval of gaining expertise and the belief of their employer, they may sometimes be required to work with out direct supervision, maybe for a day at a time when, for instance, their employer must be away from the forge on a consumer go to.

Data, Abilities and Behaviours for Blacksmithing


Well being & Security (H&S) – well being & security course of, laws and rules within the forge and on website together with COSHH, H&S at work act 1974.  Data of secure work processes that ensures the protection of self and others corresponding to private well being surveillance, hazard recognition, threat evaluation, methodology statements, disposal of waste, tools inspection, private protecting tools.  Data of publicity, threat and prevention of flash burns, arc eye, radiant warmth, noise publicity and fumes in addition to data of stopping musculoskeletal and guide dealing with accidents. 

Supplies – the properties and makes use of of supplies used for blacksmithing corresponding to the results of warmth and dealing on forgeable metals.  The consequences of mixing metals and different media corresponding to wooden, stone or plastic.  Modes of provide, strategies for dealing with and storing assets.  The consequences of the setting and methods for safeguarding metalwork.

Instruments – the important thing tools, fastened and hand instruments, the rules of operation, manufacture, arrange, upkeep and secure use.  Hand instruments corresponding to tongs, punches, chisels, hammers, anvil instruments and jigs.  Hand-held machine instruments corresponding to drills and grinders.  Fastened forge tools corresponding to energy hammers, presses, forges, furnaces.  Fastened fabrication tools corresponding to guillotines, rolls, metalworkers and linishers.  Fastened welding tools corresponding to welding plant, profile cutters and extraction methods. Fastened machine tools corresponding to drills, lathes, milling and grinding machines.

High quality – data of high quality requirements together with these anticipated by the consumer, employer, suppliers and regulatory our bodies, together with strategies of recording work, use of product information sheets, Worldwide Standardisation Organisation (ISO) 9001, Conformete European (CE) marking and constructing rules.

Design – data of components and rules of design, drawing conventions and methods by hand or laptop aided design (CAD).  Deciphering fashions and samples as a part of the preliminary design course of when presenting an thought to a consumer or as a element of design realisation when understanding manufacturing samples.

Manufacture, conservation and restore of metalwork – Ending and safety strategies and  processes.  The occupational roles and duties throughout the processes relating to work relationships corresponding to data of these answerable for advising the consumer or different related events, an appreciation of the prices of time and supplies within the manufacturing of cast ironwork and the problems concerned in looking for approval for work to fee or for direct retail. 

Organising for work, issues that will happen and the way to reply to them, data of related arithmetic and science corresponding to volumes of metallic required when calculating forging allowances, linear calculations for frameworks and bending, trigonometry for squaring and calculating angles when establishing working drawings or constructions, the chemistry and physics of ferrous metals of their warmth therapy, the properties of widespread alloying components and the chemistry of corrosion and its causes.

Context of the craft – the context of the craft corresponding to design kinds, notable blacksmiths and creative actions.  Historic and modern processes and methods.


Well being & Security and dealing setting – keep requirements of well being and security for self and for others, utilizing secure working practices.  Put together and keep a secure working setting, the place each hand and mechanical instruments are used, in addition to having the ability to safely deal with gas and lightweight and function the forge.  Determine hazards and minimise threat within the working setting.

Technical interpretation and understanding – create and interpret specs, samples, drawings, and different written and verbal directions for the manufacture or restore of metalwork.  The identification and acceptable response to issues corresponding to calculating jointing, forging and bending allowances, creation of working templates or jigs from drawings, arriving at an acceptable order of dismantling and building together with testing and adjustment, looking for recommendation and steering as acceptable.

Design – produce technical drawings, designs and fashions by hand or laptop aided design (CAD) which might be interpreted by colleagues and shoppers when growing the ultimate product.

Manufacturing and restore processes – choose and use the suitable processes, methods, supplies, instruments and tools for manufacture or restore of metalwork and undertake the blacksmith making course of to the economic customary from inception to realisation.  Plan and handle time successfully.

Sizzling Forging – effectively handle a forge or furnace when utilizing forge instruments to scorching forge, kind, reduce and be a part of metals by hand and machine.

Thermal Welding and chopping – use hand operated thermal tools, chopping and becoming a member of methods to chop and be a part of metals.

Machining – use hand operated machine instruments for chopping, drilling and shaping elements.

Bench work – use hand instruments to chilly reduce and form supplies.  Be part of supplies utilizing fastening methods.

Instruments, supplies and tools – perform testing and adjustment.  Manufacture, put together and keep supplies, tools and instruments appropriately.  Manufacture and keep hand instruments corresponding to tongs, punches, chisels, hammers, anvil instruments and jigs.  Keep tools corresponding to handheld machine instruments, fastened forge tools corresponding to energy hammers, presses, forges and furnaces.  Fabrication, welding and engineering tools.  Making ready supplies corresponding to consumables, metallic for the job, fixings and coatings.

Ending – clear, put together and shield metalwork.  End surfaces by specifying and making use of specified floor therapies, coatings or coverings as required corresponding to wire brushing, degreasing, descaling, sprucing, waxing, oiling, portray and specifying sub-contract finishes corresponding to scorching dip galvanising, electro sprucing and powder coating.

Becoming – assemble and match work within the workshop and/or on website as acceptable, which incorporates meeting and dismantling of elements and merchandise and correcting faults in metalwork.


Promote constructive security tradition – guarantee always that work is carried out in a secure manner that doesn’t put themselves or others in danger.

High quality targeted – work to acceptable high quality requirements corresponding to working to consumer necessities, workshop samples, drawing specs, historic listings, constructing rules and workshop procedures, with environment friendly use of time, supplies and assets.  File work and both self-evaluate or acquire suggestions from others to enhance work and dealing follow.

Professionalism – have a powerful skilled work ethic together with satisfaction in work and a spotlight to element.  Recognise the necessity for environment friendly and clear communication and the significance of working successfully with others.  Promote and symbolize the craft, apply ethics {and professional} judgment in all areas of labor.  Take duty for personal work and monitoring the work of others.

Self-development – hold updated with greatest follow and rising applied sciences throughout the sector.  Acquire and provide constructive suggestions to others, develop and keep skilled relationships.


Apprentices with out English and Arithmetic at degree 2 should obtain degree 2 previous to taking their Finish Level Evaluation.  For these with an schooling, well being and care plan or a legacy assertion, the apprenticeships English and Maths minimal requirement is Entry Degree 3, and British Signal Language {qualifications} are a substitute for English {qualifications} for these whom that is their main language.  


Usually the apprenticeship will take 48 months to finish.

Entry necessities

Employers will set their very own entry necessities however this will likely sometimes embody the equal of a Btec degree 2 Technical Diploma in Blacksmithing or equal related forge expertise.


This apprenticeship customary is about at degree 3.

Evaluation Date

This apprenticeship customary can be reviewed after 3 years.

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